Swami Vivekananda | Swami Vivekananda Speech, Quotes, Biography and Complete Works In Tamil (Tamil Edition)

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Swami Vivekananda | Swami Vivekananda Speech, Quotes, Biography and Complete Works In Tamil

Vivekananda (Bengali: [ʃami bibekanɔndo] (About this soundlisten); 12 January 1863 – 4 July 1902), born Narendranath Datta (Bengali: [nɔrendronatʰ dɔto]), was an Indian Hindu monk, a chief disciple of the 19th-century Indian mystic Ramakrishna.[4][5] He was a key figure in the introduction of the Indian philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga to the Western world[6][7] and is credited with raising interfaith awareness, bringing Hinduism to the status of a major world religion during the late 19th century.[8] He was a major force in the revival of Hinduism in India, and contributed to the concept of Indian nationalism as a tool of fight against the British empire in colonial India.[9] Vivekananda founded the Ramakrishna Math and the Ramakrishna Mission.[7] He is perhaps best known for his speech which began with the words – "Sisters and brothers of America …,"[10] in which he introduced Hinduism at the Parliament of the World’s Religions in Chicago in 1893.

Born into an aristocratic Bengali Kayastha family of Calcutta, Vivekananda was inclined towards spirituality. He was influenced by his guru, Ramakrishna, from whom he learnt that all living beings were an embodiment of the divine self; therefore, service to God could be rendered by service to humankind. After Ramakrishna’s death, Vivekananda toured the Indian subcontinent extensively and acquired first-hand knowledge of the conditions prevailing in British India. He later travelled to the United States, representing India at the 1893 Parliament of the World’s Religions. Vivekananda conducted hundreds of public and private lectures and classes, disseminating tenets of Hindu philosophy in the United States, England and Europe. In India, Vivekananda is regarded as a patriotic saint, and his birthday is celebrated as National Youth Day.

சுவாமி விவேகானந்தர் (Swami Vivekananda, சனவரி 12, 1863 – சூலை 4 1902) பத்தொன்பதாம் நூற்றாண்டின் இந்தியாவின் தலைசிறந்த சமயத் தலைவர்களுள் ஒருவராவார். இவரது இயற்பெயர் நரேந்திரநாத் தத்தா (Narendranath Dutta). இராமகிருஷ்ண பரமஹம்சரின் சீடரான இவரின் கருத்துகள் இளைஞர்களை எழுச்சியடையச் செய்வனவாக அமைந்துள்ளன. இவர் இந்தியாவிலும் மேலைநாடுகளிலும் அத்வைத வேதாந்த தத்துவங்களை அடிப்படையாகக் கொண்ட பல சொற்பொழிவுகளை ஆற்றியுள்ளார். 1893 ஆம் ஆண்டு அவர் சிகாகோவில் உலகச் சமயங்களின் பாராளுமன்றத்தில் நிகழ்த்திய சொற்பொழிவுகள் உலகப்புகழ் பெற்றது.

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